Christine L. Borgman’s Quello Lecture on Data Sharing

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Christine L. Borgman’s Quello Lecture on ‘Motivations for Sharing and Reusing Data:
Complexities and Contradictions in the Use of a Digital Data Archive’ presented for the Quello Center, Michigan State University, on October 5, 2016. The talk draws on her research with DANS, the Data Archiving and Networked Services of the Netherlands, and the UCLA Center for Knowledge Infrastructures.

Christine L. Borgman – Motivations for Sharing and Reusing Data from Quello Center on Vimeo.

Abstract

Researchers face competing challenges for access to their data. One is the pressure to make their data open in response to mandates from funding agencies, journals, and science policy makers. Second is the lack of resources – human, technical, economic, and institutional – to make their data open. Third is that good reasons exist to maintain control of their data, whether to protect the confidentiality of human subjects, to gain competitive advantage over other researchers, or the sheer difficulty of extracting data from the contexts in which they originated. Researchers are encouraged – or required – to contribute their data to archives, yet surprisingly little is known about the uses and users of digital data archives, about relationships between users and the staff of data archives, or how these behaviors vary by discipline, geographic region, policy, and other factors. Digital data archives are not a single type of institution, however. They vary widely in organizational structure, mission, collection, funding, and relationships to their users and other stakeholders. This talk draws upon an exploratory study of DANS, the Data Archiving and Networked Services of the Netherlands. We mined transaction logs to draw samples of contributors to DANS and consumers of DANS data (Borgman, Scharnhorst, Van den Berg, Van de Sompel, & Treloar, 2015) and then conducted interviews with DANS archivists, contributors, and consumers to examine who contributes data to DANS and why, who consumes data from DANS and why, and what roles archivists play in acquiring and disseminating data. Early findings suggest that motivations are complex, varied, and often contradictory, and that the uses and users of DANS are far more diverse than anticipated. Implications of these findings, which draw upon the premises of the presenter’s recent book Big Data, Little Data, No Data: Scholarship in the Networked World (2015), raise concerns for stakeholders in research data such as scholars, students, librarians, funding agencies, policy makers, publishers, and the public.

Borgman, C. L. (2015). Big Data, Little Data, No Data: Scholarship in the Networked World. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Borgman, C. L., Scharnhorst, A., Van den Berg, H., Van de Sompel, H., & Treloar, A. (2015). Who uses the digital data archive? An exploratory study of DANS. Presented at the Association for Information Science and Technology, St Louis, MO: Information Today.

Biographical Sketch

Christine L. Borgman, Distinguished Professor and Presidential Chair in Information Studies at UCLA, is the author of more than 250 publications in information studies, computer science, and communication. These include three books from MIT Press: Big Data, Little Data, No Data: Scholarship in the Networked World (2015), winner of the 2015 American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence (PROSE Award) in Computing and Information Sciences; Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the Internet (2007); and From Gutenberg to the Global Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in a Networked World (2000). The latter two books won the Best Information Science Book of the Year award from the Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIST). Professor Borgman is Chair of the Committee to Visit the Harvard Library and Co-Chair of the CODATA-ICSTI Task Group on Data Citation and Attribution. She is a member of the Library of Congress Scholars Council; the Board of Directors of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC); the Council of the Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICSPR); the CLARIAH International Advisory Panel; the advisory board to Authorea; and is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the Association for Computing Machinery. At UCLA, she directs the Center for Knowledge Infrastructures with funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and other sources.

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Christine Borgman’s Quello Lecture in October 2016

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June 29th, 2016

Professor Christine Borgman, UCLA’s Presidential Chair in Information Studies, and a member of the Quello Center Advisory Board, will be giving a Quello Lecture on the 5th of October 2016 at MSU’s College of Arts and Sciences. Her latest book is entitled Big Data, Little Data, No Data, which I interviewed her about for Voices from Oxford (VOX). My VOX interview with Christine was done when we were both at Balliol College and is at: http://www.voicesfromoxford.org/video/data-in-the-digital-domain/228 The interview is brief, just over 15 minutes, but I hope it will give you a sense of the wide range of topics that Christine is likely to develop here at MSU.

Christine did her undergraduate degree here at MSU, and remains a loyal alum, and went on to a number of higher degrees, including a doctorate from Stanford in communication. You might notice the music introducing and concluding the video seems to accentuate our American accents, thanks to Sung Hee Kim, Director of VOX.

Christine Borgman

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Videos from Quello Center Talks and Visitors

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Quello Center Video Catalog

The following Quello Center videos, listed within general categories, are available free online through the designated links. The Quello Center hopes they will help support your research and teaching. Please post any comments you may have on this blog. We welcome your thoughts, and hope you enjoy whatever video presentations are of interest to your work.

Take your pick,

Bill Dutton, Director of the Quello Center

Videos

Big Data

Use of Big Data By States: China & India
By Muzammil Hussain

Cable and Satellite

Comparing Cable TV in Korea and the USA: Major Differences
By Sung Wook Ji

Communication, Media and Information Policy

Communication in the Modern Age
Interview with Bill Dutton and Dr. Sung Hee Kim

Communication Policy Processes in the US
By Johannes Bauer

Regulating the Internet: What is ‘Special Access’ and Why is it so Important?
By Aleks Yankelevich

Delivering Media Content in a New Technological Environment: An Explanation of Policy Implications
By Steve Wildman

Cybersecurity and Cybercrime

Cybercrime Offending and Victimization
By Tom Holt

Digital Inequalities

Center For Digital Inclusion
By Jon Gant

Unlocking Potential: New Frontiers in Digital Inequality Research
By Bibi Reisdorf

Economic Development

Social Media & Development
Rob Ackland

ICT For Development in Agricultural Sectors
With Charles Steinfield

Internet Policy, Regulation and Governance

The Destabilization of Internet Governance
By Laura DeNardis

Trashed: A Comparative Exploration of Law’s Relevance to Online Reputation
By Elizabeth Kirley

Racism, Sexism, and Video Games: Social Justice Campaigns and the Struggle for Gamer Identity
By Lisa Nakamura

Anatomy of the FCC’s Network Neutrality Rules (Webcast)
By Adam Candeub

Domination in Search Markets: Why? How? & How to Respond?
By Steve Wildman

Regulating the Internet: What is ‘Special Access’ and Why is it so Important?
By Aleks Yankelevich

Management

The Importance of Public Service #ChangeAgents in Exponential Times
By David Bray
Talk – https://vimeo.com/140513826
Discussion – https://vimeo.com/140513867

Internet, Open Data, and Civic Engagement in Detroit
By Garlin Gilchrist II

Enterprise Social Media: Implications for Business Collaboration and Knowledge Management
By Charles Steinfield

New Business Models for New Media
By Dr. Constantinos K. Coursaris

Public Service

Millennials, Public Media and The Future of Civil Discourse
By Alexander Heffner

Internet, Open Data, and Civic Engagement in Detroit
By Garlin Gilchrist II

Use of Big Data By States: China & India
By Muzammil Hussain

Social Media and Society

Crowdsourced and Community Maintained
By Caroline Haythornthwaite

Trashed: A Comparative Exploration of Law’s Relevance to Online Reputation
By Elizabeth Kirley

Racism, Sexism, and Video Games: Social Justice Campaigns and the Struggle for Gamer Identity
By Lisa Nakamura

I Change My City – Through the Internet
By Venkatesh Kannaiah

I Paid a Bribe
By Venkatesh Kannaiah

Society Meets Social Media: Canaries at the Coal Face of the Internet
By William Dutton
Watch video

Food Safety in Online Issue Networks
By Annie Waldherr

Comprehension Models in Text and Audiovisual Processing
By Dave Ewoldsen

Telecommunication and the Internet in Community and Urban Development

I Change My City – Through the Internet
By Venkatesh Kannaiah

Internet, Open Data, and Civic Engagement in Detroit
By Garlin Gilchrist II

Persistent and Pervasive Community
By Keith Hampton

Communication Technology and Urban Community: Stories From Seoul
By Yong-Chan Kim

Tributes, Awards, Memorials

Cable Hall of Fame 2016 Recognition of John Evans
By John Evans

Tribute to Steve Wildman on his Retirement
By Professors Johannes Bauer & Prabu David

Tribute to Quello Center Founding Director, Steve Wildman
Created by Gary Reid & WKAR

Memorial to Mark Levy: Past Chair and Professor of Media and Information and Quello Colleague

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John D. Evans, Cable Hall of Fame, 2016

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Quello Advisory Board Member, John D. Evans, Chairman and CEO of Evans Telecommunications, was inducted on Monday night, May 16, 2016, into the US Cable Industry’s Hall of Fame. At a gala event held at the Westin Boston Waterfront Hotel, John was honored along with other inductees, including Tom Rogers, Chairman of TiVo; Bob Stanzione, Chairman and CEO of Arris; Mika Brzezinski and Joe Scarborough of MSNBC’s Morning Joe; Pat Esser, President of Cox Commmunications; and John O. “Dubby” Wynne, Retired President and CEO of Landmark Communications. Over the past 20 years, only 118 individuals have been so honored. Screen Shot 2016-05-23 at 22.11.12

John wrote to the Quello Center, that “I am both honored and humbled by my selection and induction Monday night. It was an extraordinary event with over 600 Cable Industry luminaries and leaders in attendance. I wanted to share the event video, pictures and my remarks with you given that Jim Quello played such an important role in my life.”

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image005A video about John’s career was shown before bringing him on stage to receive the award and share his own remarks. His remarks, recorded by CNN’s Javier Morgado, and highlighting the industry’s commitment to diversity, can be viewed here.

I closing, John noted that “In many ways I share this honor with you, since I am the sum of all who have coached, mentored, taught and supported me … so thanks to many of my friends at MSU for their support, counsel and friendship over so many years.”

The video of John Evan’s career featured a photo of him with James Quello, who would have been so proud of his accomplishments. The Quello Center and all of his colleagues on the Advisory Board, congratulate him on this well deserved honor. We are as proud as ever to have him on the Board.

Watch

John Evans CHOF Remarks May 16 from Quello Center on Vimeo.

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Bibi Reisdorf on her Career of Research on Digital Inequalities

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Dr Bibi Reisdorf, Quello’s Post Doctoral Fellow, has been focused on digital inequalities from the earliest stages of her studies and subsequent career in academia. In a talk for the Department of Media and Information at MSU, Bibi provided an outline of her progress over time, including her most recent work focused on inequalities related to specialized groups of users, such as youth, seniors, rural residents, and her most recent focus, prisoners. The title of her talk was ‘Unlocking Potential: New Frontiers in Digital Inequality Research’, and it is viewable here:

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Muzammil Hussain on the Use of Big Data by States: China & India

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Professor Muzammil Hussain visited the Quello Center and gave an informative talk based on his new multi-year project on ‘Bio-Social Data Innovation & Governance in Asia’ (Big-DIG). The Big-DIG project seeks to use qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to understand how IT infrastructure and big data mining strategies (e.g., bio-metrics and social credit systems, in India and China, respectively) are being developed and applied as governance and management tools by over 22 Asian countries with respect to their citizens. You can view his talk here.

Professor Hussain’s talk provided a valuable perspective on how big data approaches are fulfilling some of the functions of the longterm state dream of identification cards and national databases about citizens. These developments are quite different from the more positive visions of mining big data for social and economic development. It is certainly valuable that Muzammil’s research is putting the state role of big data in a new light, and to the attention of more development researchers.

Muzammil M. Hussain – Digital Rights from Quello Center on Vimeo.

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Rob Ackland on Social Media and Development

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Rob Ackland, a professor at the Australian National University, was able to visit the Quello Center in early May. In addition to kicking off a valuable roundtable discussion of digital social science, he also gave a very useful talk on social media and development at a Quello Seminar on 5 May 2016. His talk, which you can view here, was based on a background paper he co-authored (with Kyosuke Tanaka) for the World Bank. The key contribution of the talk by Rob was his offering a number of competing and complementary theoretical perspectives on how social media might link to social and economic development objectives. While there have been many case studies of the Internet and other new media such as mobile phones in development processes, there is a relative absence of theoretical reasoning about the links between social media and development. Rob is an economist, but his theoretical arguments move beyond economics and merit careful examination by researchers on ICT4D (information and communication technologies for development).

Rob Ackland – Social Media and Development from Quello Center on Vimeo.

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Annie Waldherr Seminar on Food Safety in Online Issue Networks

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Annie Waldherr presented a joint Media & Information and Quello Center seminar entitled “Discussing food safety in online issue networks: Empirical results and methodological prospects.”  Her talk highlighted that civil society actors concerned about food safety issues—GMOs, pesticide residues, and antibiotic-resistant superbugs—build coalitions that can eventually result in movement networks.  These connections can be empirically observed in online issue networks—sets of interlinked websites treating a common issue.

To assess mobilization potentials of actor coalitions Annie and her colleagues study the extent to which actors link to each other and to which actors talk about the same topics.  They combine hyperlink network analysis with probabilistic topic modeling to gain empirical insights on both, the structural as well as the content dimension of the issue networks.  Preliminary results for the US indicate a densely connected issue network spanning from central challenger actors to websites of mass media and political actors. A high number of issues expand through major parts of the network, such as contaminated food and regulation, genetically modified food, organic farming and sustainable agriculture. A fewer number of issues such as use of antibiotics or pollution of drinking water remain restricted to specific parts of the network.

Dr. Annie Waldherr is a Researcher in the Division of Communication Theory and Media Effects, Institute for Media and Communication Studies at Freie Universität Berlin.  Annie has used agent-based modeling (ABM) and network analysis to study computer-mediated communications processes. Her recent work using ABM was published in the Journal of Communication.

 

 

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Elizabeth Kirley’s Talk on Online Reputation and the Law

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Elizabeth A. Kirley presented a talk for the Quello Center that addressed alternative approaches to protecting reputations online. Professor Adam Candeub served as a respondent. So much is said about protecting reputations online that it is brilliant to have a thoughtful and well informed discussion of international agreements on human rights, national legal doctrines, and online reputation.

Entitled ‘Trashed: A Comparative Exploration of Law’s Relevance to Online Reputation’, through case studies, Dr. Elizabeth Kirley explores the cultural and historical influences that have resulted in very distinct legal regimes and political agenda. Her central thesis is that digital speech is sufficiently different in kind from offline speech that it calls for a more 21st century response to the harms it can inflict on our reputational privacy.

Elizabeth Kirley – Trashed: A Comparative Exploration of Law’s Relevance to Online Reputation from Quello Center on Vimeo.

Dr Elizabeth Kirley is a 2015-16 Postdoctoral Fellow at the Nathanson Centre for Transnational Human Rights, Crime and Security at Osgoode Hall Law School, York University in Toronto and a frequent lecturer in issues raised by digital speech, technology crimes and robotic journalism. Recent research and presentation activities include the European University Institute, Florence; the Oxford Internet Institute, Oxford UK; the American Graduate School of Paris; Ecole des hautes etudes commerciales de Paris; Sciences-Po University in Paris; Osnabruck University in Germany; and the Limerick School of Law, Ireland. She is a barrister and solicitor and called to the Ontario bar.

Professor Adam Candeub is on the Law Faculty at Michigan State University, and a Research Associate with the Quello Center. He was an attorney-advisor for the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the Media Bureau and previously in the Common Carrier Bureau, Competitive Pricing Division. From 1998 to 2000, Professor Candeub was a litigation associate for the Washington D.C. firm of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue, in the issues and appeals practice.

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Alexander Heffner on Civil Discourse in the New Media Age

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Alexander Heffner on Civil Discourse in the New Media Age: The Open Mind Turning 60

Alexander Heffner visited the Quello Center at MSU about one year ago, to discuss his thoughts on on ‘Millennials, Public Media and The Future of Civil Discourse’. His program launched in 2014, The Open Mind, on PBS Channel THIRTEEN/WNET and CUNY TV, revived the longest-running public affairs interview program in the history of American public television, which was launched in 1956 by his grandfather, Richard Heffner. As Alexander approaches the 60th Anniversary of The Open Mind, there could not be a more appropriate time to remind ourselves of the valuable contribution of public affairs programming, and such high-quality interview programs.

Quello Lecture and Panel on ‘Millennials, Public Media and The Future of Civil Discourse’ by Alexander Heffner (NEW) from Quello Center on Vimeo.

I hope you can listen to Alexander Heffner’s brief but important talk. He spoke on how to foster a more civic-minded journalism culture, non-adversarial broadcasting in the public interest, and the critical exploration of pro-social ideas. In the midst of the primary elections for the 2016 Presidential election, it might be valuable to revisit Alexander’s ideas on how to support and renew the character of our political discourse. Clearly, the revival of The Open Mind has been a move in the right direction at the right time. My congratulations to Alexander for envisioning and finding creative ways for renewing this public affairs interview program during a time when civil and informative discourse is so important to our politics and society.

See The Open Mind at: http://www.thirteen.org/openmind/

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